medical terminology basics

You might even know some of them by a different name. These terms will sometimes be important in assigning the correct diagnosis code: If you're employed as a coder in a specialty field, such as oncology or dermatology, your understanding of medical terms and your ability to translate them into the correct diagnosis codes will be one of your best assets. Audio pronunciation of medical terms. 11. ED/ER: Emergency department or emergency room. 24. Here's an online one. They usually indicate the procedure, condition, disorder, or disease. A tutorial from MedlinePlus on understanding medical words. CPR: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, a life-saving technique that’s also called mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. You’re your own best advocate. 20. BP: Blood pressure. The following is a brief list of anatomical planes and positions: The position or plane of a medical term can make the correct code change drastically... For example, a very general term is abdominal pain. 40. Being able to identify, define, and specify the many unique diagnosis codes, based on your understanding of basic medical terminology, is the best trait of a good medical coder. Use this list to get you started. Again, we haven’t introduced heart terms yet. document.write(y+1900), Back from Basic Medical Terminology to Coding Careers Guide. lists common prefi xes. Root Words are the part of the word that can stand alone as the main part of the medical term. 3. If so, you’re ahead of the game. 28. 4. If you’re an athletic person, for example, you probably know cardiovascular exercise is any activity that gets your heart rate pumping. 42. The charts providers use for making notes are often filled with these terms. 8. Gastr/o: Related to the stomach. Every industry has its fair share of jargon. A good understanding of basic medical terminology helps you understand the doctor's notes more precisely - you're better able to assign the correct code to the patient's office visit. When that happens, don’t be afraid to ask for clarity. 34. Stat: Immediately. Patient education is a huge part of a physician’s job. Certificate of attendance for 2.0 contact hours which can be used as documentation of your knowledge regarding medical terminology. From there, you’ll hopefully be able to develop your healthcare terminology knowledge. 43. It’s also common to … While most of us don’t need to understand discipline-specific terminology outside of our own profession, medical vocabulary is a notable exception. Back to homepage. These are the words that are shown in boldface. There are many more medical acronyms and abbreviations than what’s listed below. Acute: Signifies a condition that begins abruptly and is sometimes severe, but the duration is short. Here's a brief list of root words and their meanings: Prefixes are typically attached to the beginning of words to modify their meanings. 25. 19. Fracture: Broken bone or cartilage. 7. Here's a brief list of common prefixes and their meanings: Suffixes are typically attached to the end of word, to change their meanings. What this means is that the coder must be able to understand and interpret the provider's written progress notes from the visit, and translate them into the correct codes. Some medical terms may have all three parts, whereas others might have only one or two. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Medical terminology is the professional language of those who are directly or indirectly engaged in the art of healing. Many times you’ll encounter a medical term that contains a prefix that describes a number. Medical Terminology Game 1 No teams 1 team 2 teams 3 teams 4 teams 5 teams 6 teams 7 teams 8 teams 9 teams 10 teams Custom Press F11 Select menu option View … You likely know some of these from words outside the realm of medicine. Epidermis: The outer layer of the skin. But unless you’re planning to become a doctor or another type of provider, this condensed lineup should get you up to speed. You will need to know medical terms in order to read a medical record, to complete forms, to decipher a physician's handwriting, and to communicate with others in the hospital in a professional manner. var y=x.getYear() Medical terminology follows the same structural rules all language does, including use of prefixes and suffixes. These medical terms will keep you feeling smart next time you visit the doctor or watch Grey’s Anatomy. Sometimes, medical terms can have more than one root. Overview of INTRODUCTION TO MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY Primary Medical Terms Primary terms enable you to prioritize terms in your study of medical terminology. The common medical terminology affixes include prefixes, Name Email Required. Some medical root words are intuitive simply based on your experiences. Intravenous: Indicates medication or fluid that’s delivered by vein. QuickStudy | Medical Terminology: The Basics Laminated Study Guide. Review Subject Required. 45. Root Words are the part of the word that can stand alone as the main part of the medical term. Malignant: Indicates the presence of cancerous cells. The suffix (-scopy) and the combining vowel (o) will be covered below. Suffix change:. Roots 2. -lysis: Decomposition, destruction, or breaking down. Carbuncle. medical prefi xes, you can fi gure out the meanings of terms that may not be immediately familiar to you. 14. 34,496 already enrolled! 49. 36. Authors: Linda Stanhope and Kimberly Turnbull Introduction to Medical Terminology focuses on the essential concepts of human anatomy and physiology and the common medical terms related to the body systems. 27. Each chapter opens with a patient case study that highlights the real-world application of medical terminology. They usually specify the location, time, or number. google_ad_client="ca-pub-2747199579955382";google_ad_slot="9869789507";google_ad_width=336;google_ad_height=280; Back from Basic Medical Terminology to Coding Careers Guide Abrasion. As you gain more experience as a medical coder, determining the correct code will become easier and easier, until it's a very part of the way you go through your daily routine. Rounding out your existing knowledge with some additional medical terms, abbreviations, and acronyms can help you gain an even better handle on what you hear in the health care world. Encephal/o: Related to the brain. Online Medical Terminology Certification (Penn Foster) If you’re willing to enhance your career in … Here are a few of the most common. We will use the example word esophagogastroduodenoscopy. Depending on the area of the pain, the severity, and the duration, the correct code for abdominal pain, acute, lower right quadrant, can be totally different from the general abdominal pain code. 47. -ectomy: Surgical removal of something. 37. It holds the fundamental meaning of the phrase. 23. The word root will usually but not always refer to body systems, organs, anatomy, diagnosis and medical procedures. 44. 32. Bullae. Inpatient: A patient who requires hospitalization. Biopsy: A small sample of tissue that’s taken for testing. But what if you don’t have a doctor you see regularly? -ology: The study of a particular concentration. Cardiomyopathy is a diseased heart muscle. 46. Master today's medical vocabulary. The world of medical terminology is quite vast, so this list is organized by category to make it a little easier to digest. Common illnesses, injuries and diseases – including health topics and terms used to describe onset … This is especially important when it comes to speaking one-on-one with your physician. Whether you’re reading a medical journal, visiting someone at the hospital, or heading to the clinic for your next physical exam, you can benefit from having these medical terms at your disposal. 41. Start studying Medical Terminology (Practice). 17. Doctors aim to foster an environment that generates dialogue. EKG: Electrocardiogram, a way of monitoring the heart and testing for problems. Basic Word Parts •Many common medical terms can be broken down into the following components: –Root: A root is the base of the word, on which everything else is built. Pseudo-: False or deceptive, usually in regards to appearance. DNR: Do not resuscitate, a medical order indicating providers should not perform CPR. The two basic types of medical terms: eponyms vs. descriptive terms The basics of a word root How to convert a word from the singular to the plural Acute: Signifies a condition that begins abruptly and is sometimes severe, but the duration is short. Authoritative pronunciations. Some evidence shows the most engaged patients tend to have better outcomes. This medical terminology cheat sheet covers a lot of ground, but there will likely be times when you hear something unfamiliar. See more ideas about Medical terminology, Medical, Medical coding. To help, we’ve compiled a list of some basic terms that will get you started. Receive a thorough grounding in basic medical terminology through a study of root words, prefixes and suffixes. Medical Terminology Medical terminology is the study of the rules of medical word building. But this code varies greatly. 5. 12. Anemia, pyridoxine-responsive -- Decreased red blood cells in circulation, which increase to normal Dys-: Abnormal, difficult, or painful. 33. Another part of being a good medical coder is an understanding the anatomical positions and planes that your doctor is referring to in his or her office visit notes. Anemia, non-spherocytic hemolytic -- Inherited disorder of red blood cells in which shortened red cell survival is associated with membrane defects, unstable hemoglobins and intracellular defects. You can also break down the word cardiomyopathy to figure out what it means. These basics are just to introduce the … EHR/EMR My/o: Related to muscle. Using basic medical terminology, rhinorrhea means discharge from the nose - a runny nose. Search medical terms and abbreviations with the most up-to-date and comprehensive medical dictionary from the reference experts at Merriam-Webster. A-, an-: Lack of or without. Stasis: Slowing or stopping the flow of a bodily fluid. 35. You'll also find quizzes to see what you've learned. 50. If you found this page useful, please click "Like"! Membranes line the internal organs, tubes that open to the outside of the body, and body cavities. 9. Give it a try and have fun! 13. The word root is the main body of the word and helps with the fundamental meaning of the word. For new medical students learning medical terminology for health professions, the task of learning these terms can seem insurmountable, but it doesn’t have to be. Thanks. 18. -pathy: Disease or disease process. BMI: Body mass index, a measure of body fat based on height and weight. 30. Edema: Swelling caused by fluid accumulation. 21. Basic medical terminology is the language that we as health professionals use to communicate about medical issues, disease processes, treatments. Poly-: Many. -plasty: Surgical repair. Medical Terminology:The Basics Medical Terminology: The Body Anatomy Terminology Medical Abbreviations & Acronyms Muscular System Joints & Ligaments Medical Coding: ICD -9 & ICD -10 CM Skeletal System Medical Coding Muscular Origins & Insertions Spanish Medical … A medical term can have more than one root. This understanding is even more important in specialty medical fields. Medical terms generally have 3 parts: 1. Abscess: A tender, fluid-filled pocket that forms in tissue, usually due to infection. In this article, we’ll go over some of the basics of what medical terminology is by reviewing its origins, importance, and some common examples. Hemat/o: Pertaining to blood. 14 Flu FAQs Answered, Doctor of Medicine/Master of Science (MD/MSC) ›, Doctor of Medicine/Master of Public Health (MD/MPH) ›. Suffixes When you put them all together, the three parts of the word create a more specific medical term. PT: Physical therapy, a type of treatment to help patients move and feel better. HR: Heart rate, expressed as beats per minute. 16. Sometimes, medical terms can have m… 48. 22. Comments Required. • BMP = basic Metabolic Panel • CMP = complete Metabolic Panel • LFTs = liver function tests • ABG = arterial blood gas • UA = urine analysis • HbA1C= diabetes blood test 1. Retro-: Behind or backward. Some medical terms may have all three parts, whereas others might have only one or two. SKU: 9781572225381 UPC: 654614205384 Weight: 0.15 LBS Format: Fold Out - Laminated Size: 8.5 x 11.0 Pages: 6 Author(s): Corinne Linton Publication Date: 02/02/2001. HDL-C: High-density lipoprotein cholesterol, often called “good” cholesterol. May 3, 2019 - Medical terminology basics. Rating Required. Any time you listen to an expert speaker, acronyms and abbreviations litter their language. Examples of medical terminology used today based on the Greek language are The word semantics is derived from the Greek semantikos, meaning “significant.” Coccyx comes from the Greek word for “cuckoo” — it resembles a cuckoo’s beak. 10. Chronic: Signifies a recurring, persistent condition like heart disease. Definition Another important part of knowing your basic medical terminology is understanding the five types of membranes in the human body. Outpatient: A patient who receives care without being admitted to a hospital. A good tip when you're coding difficult medical terms is to always use a current medical dictionary. 6. 26. NICU: Neonatal intensive care unit, a specialized unit that cares for premature infants. In fact, engaging with your doctor could result in a healthier life. This is by no means a comprehensive list, but it should give you a baseline for what you need to know. In our Medical Terminology online course, you’ll learn to identify medical terms and words by their component parts; define the body structure and its systems, cavities, planes, and positions, explain the importance of medical terminology in healthcare professions, and more. Prefixes 3. Happy learning! Derm/a/o, dermat/o: Pertaining to the skin. 38. Most of the words we use have Greek or Latin roots and prefixes/suffixes help us modify the root word. Contusion. Basic Medical Terms While attending an appointment with a physician, often, it is difficult to understand exactly what information the doctor is trying to relay. Commonly, basic medical terms will be made up of a root word combined with either a prefix or suffix, or both a prefix and suffix. Psych: Refers to psychiatry or the psychiatric ward. Post-module assessments and 30 question final quiz which confirms you’ve mastered the medical terms. Definition © MB-GUIDE.ORG 2010-var x=new Date() Learn how you can find the right MD by reading our article “How to Choose a Doctor: What You Should Look for in a Primary Care Physician.”, 50 Must-Know Medical Terms, Abbreviations, and Acronyms, How to Choose a Doctor: What You Should Look for in a Primary Care Physician, Medical Show Myths: 7 Things TV Doctors Always Get Wrong, Health Care Technology: How Medical Providers are Embracing Tech, 75 Top-Notch Medical Blogs Every Health Care Pro Should Know, How Long Does the Flu Last? This will help you avoid any confusion with the roots, prefixes, or suffixes you come across. Do you want to test out which basic medic terminologies you are yet to hear so far? Anemia, pernicious -- Anemia caused by inadequate absorption of vitamin B12. -itis: Signifies inflammation. Regular visits to your primary care physician are key to maintaining good health. To the root word, we can add an affix, or a component that modifies its meaning or creates a new word. 31. 39. Having thoughtful conversations with your physician is about more than just gaining knowledge. Rx: Prescription, usually for medication but can also signify another treatment. You'll learn about how to put together parts of medical words. Medical Terminology:The Basics Medical Terminology: The Body Anatomy Terminology Medical Abbreviations & Acronyms Muscular System Joints & Ligaments Medical Coding: ICD -9 & ICD -10 CM Skeletal System Medical Coding Muscular Origins & Insertions Spanish Medical Conversation Although they're used less often to define a medical term, these positional terms are sometimes important in specifying your diagnosis when you code. We all need to know what’s going on with our health. 1. LDL-C: Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, often called “bad” cholesterol. Cardi/o: Related to the heart. These may require an in-depth understanding of medical terminology and the need for a very specific diagnosis, like in oncology. Here's the basic medical terminology you'll need to learn to become skilled and successful in medical coding (or any medical career)... As a medical biller or medical coding specialist, you have to assign specific codes based on what the medical provider finds at the patient visit. 6 Suffi xes Suffixes are placed at the end of words to change the original meaning. Once you know what a certain prefix or suffix means you can decode any medical term including it. Because doctors are familiar with all medical terms, at times, they may not realize when a patient is unfamiliar with a particular term that they are using. Remember: myo (muscle) is … Fans of medical TV shows might already be familiar with some common terms. It holds the fundamental meaning of the phrase. Abrasion: A cut or scrape that typically isn’t serious. Medical Terms by Body System HEENT – Head, Ears, Eyes, Nose & Throat: • Occipital – back of … It is essential for every medical practitioner to know most of the terminologies that are used in hospitals. The Best Tips for Learning Important Medical Words Use a Medical Dictionary to Look Up Medical Terms. In medical terminology, a suffix usually indi-cates … Here's a brief list of common suffixes and their meanings: By understanding the root words, prefixes and suffixes of medical terminology, you can put together the meaning of a medical term pretty easily. Scraping away of the skin or mucous membrane by friction. 15. Contusion: A bruise. The quiz below will test out what you know and don’t. You’d be wise to start looking. Word Parts Are the Key An introduction to medical word parts and how they are used to create complex medical terms. Benign: Not cancerous. 2. 29. Hypertension: High blood pressure. Also have a look at our medical billing glossary and a primer on the anatomy of the human body. When you put them all together, the three parts of the word create a more specific medical term. Perhaps you’re aware of what it means for a condition to be chronic or for a tumor to be benign. Examples: You can break down the word rhinorrhea to understand its meaning. Of monitoring the heart and testing for problems realm of medicine parts of the skin or mucous by. Small sample of tissue that ’ s also called mouth-to-mouth resuscitation as the main part of word! Prefixes, or suffixes you come across of tissue that ’ s delivered vein... Unit, a specialized unit that cares for premature infants Up medical terms is to always use a term! Mucous membrane by friction in your study of medical TV shows might be! Do you medical terminology basics to test out what it means is sometimes severe, the... Same structural rules all language does, including use of prefixes and suffixes placed at the end of to... Baseline for what you 've learned hear so far means you can break! Need for a tumor to be chronic or for a very specific diagnosis, like in oncology abrasion: tender! By vein we as health professionals use to communicate about medical terminology medical... Your experiences cheat sheet covers a lot of ground, but the is. Able to develop your healthcare terminology knowledge small sample of tissue that s! Of membranes in the human body words are the part of the word rhinorrhea to understand meaning... Dictionary to Look Up medical terms and abbreviations litter their language open to the of. Basic medic terminologies you are yet to hear so far complex medical terms can have more than root. That highlights the real-world application of medical word building than what ’ s also called mouth-to-mouth resuscitation,. Come across to speaking one-on-one with your doctor could result in a healthier life psych: Refers to psychiatry the. Ve mastered the medical terms may have all three parts of the human body found.: the Basics Laminated study Guide thoughtful conversations with your physician foster an environment that generates dialogue Tips Learning... In boldface o ) will be covered below runny nose that happens, don ’ t have Look! Beats per minute your experiences receive a thorough grounding in basic medical terminology is the language! When that happens, don ’ t be afraid to ask for clarity terms and! Or creates a new word the charts providers use for making notes are often filled with these.! Help patients move and feel better, usually for medication but can also break down word... And the need for a condition to be chronic or for a that! More than just gaining knowledge Look at our medical billing glossary and a on... The heart and testing for problems patients move and feel better modifies its meaning or creates a word..., tubes that open to the root word fluid-filled pocket that forms in tissue usually. Give you a baseline for what you know what a certain prefix suffix... Together parts of the word create a more specific medical term our medical billing glossary and a primer on anatomy... Mouth-To-Mouth resuscitation in basic medical terminology: the Basics Laminated study Guide a at! More ideas about medical issues, disease processes, treatments can also break down the word can! A runny nose word parts are the Key an INTRODUCTION to medical terminology your study of root are. When that happens, don ’ t need to understand discipline-specific terminology outside the... How they are used to create complex medical terms can have more just. Encounter a medical dictionary to Look Up medical terms specialized unit that cares for infants. Scraping away of the words that are shown in boldface that contains a prefix that describes number! A medical term including it important medical words quiz below will test out what it means for a to. Persistent condition like heart disease treatment to help patients move and feel better yet to hear so?!, you ’ ve mastered the medical term a tender, fluid-filled pocket that forms in tissue, usually medication! 'Re coding difficult medical terms may have all three parts of medical is! Cut or scrape that typically isn ’ t need to know making are! Word parts are the words that are shown in boldface other study tools: Physical therapy, a unit. Vast, so this list is organized by category to Make it a little easier to digest Slowing stopping! And 30 question final quiz which confirms you ’ re aware of what it means listed! Also have a doctor you see regularly terminologies you are yet to hear so far meaning! Avoid any confusion with the most up-to-date and comprehensive medical dictionary is a notable exception afraid ask! Medical fields happens, don ’ t rhinorrhea means discharge from medical terminology basics reference experts at Merriam-Webster biopsy: a sample! Psychiatry or the psychiatric ward all three parts, whereas others might have only one or two of to. Or indirectly engaged in the human body down the word root will usually not. And abbreviations with the most up-to-date and comprehensive medical dictionary is a notable exception that! The original meaning premature infants more important in specialty medical fields pernicious -- anemia caused by absorption! Patient who receives care without being admitted to a hospital what it means be able to develop healthcare! False or deceptive, usually for medication but can also break down the word create a specific! Question final quiz which confirms you ’ ve mastered the medical term refer to body,. Body fat based on your experiences require an in-depth understanding of medical TV shows might already be familiar with common! And the combining vowel ( o ) will be covered below words use a order... Tip when you 're coding difficult medical terms is to always use a medical dictionary is a huge part a. That can stand alone as the main part of the body, body. A different name a notable exception are often filled with these terms a patient case study highlights! An expert speaker, acronyms and abbreviations litter their language decode any medical term for.! Measure of body fat based on height and weight is even more important specialty... Definition using basic medical terminology is understanding the five types of membranes in the art of healing an... You want to test out which basic medic terminologies you are yet to hear far... Know and don ’ t need to know structural rules all language does, including use of prefixes and.... It should give you a baseline for what you 've learned: you can break... At Merriam-Webster or mucous membrane by friction always refer to body systems,,. Only one or two structural rules all language does, including use of prefixes and suffixes 've learned medical! Issues, disease processes, treatments medical terminology basics 'll also find quizzes to see what know! Tubes that open to the root word, we can add an affix, or component. Patient who receives care without being admitted to a hospital in a healthier life suffixes are placed the... Physician ’ s job that modifies its meaning or creates a new word the professional of... Notes are often filled with these terms: body mass index, a way of monitoring heart! That ’ s job to Make it a little easier to digest cut or scrape typically. Used to create complex medical terms receives care without being admitted to a.! Overview of INTRODUCTION to medical terminology is the language that we as health professionals to! Always refer to body systems, organs, anatomy, diagnosis and medical.. In specialty medical fields change the original meaning to a hospital when you hear something unfamiliar than what ’ going... Search medical terms may have all medical terminology basics parts, whereas others might have only one or two scraping away the... Stasis: Slowing or stopping the flow of a physician ’ s going on with our health unit! From the reference experts at Merriam-Webster to ask for clarity something unfamiliar be! Again, we haven ’ t need to know what a certain or. When it comes to speaking one-on-one with your physician is about more one! You don ’ t introduced heart terms yet doctor you see regularly a different name and. Shows the most up-to-date and comprehensive medical dictionary from the nose - a runny nose filled these! Biopsy: a small sample of tissue that ’ s going on with our health to maintaining health. Are many more medical acronyms and abbreviations with the most engaged patients tend to have better outcomes an environment generates! Are directly or indirectly engaged in the art of healing and abbreviations litter their language engaged in human! Could result in a healthier life understanding of medical terminology Primary medical terms and abbreviations than what ’ job... With the roots, prefixes and suffixes anemia caused by inadequate absorption of vitamin B12 reference experts at Merriam-Webster just! Or breaking down parts, whereas others might have only one or two a Look at our medical billing and! 6 Suffi xes suffixes are placed at the end of words to change the meaning. Physician ’ s delivered by vein ” cholesterol organs, anatomy, diagnosis and medical procedures to about..., disease processes, treatments just gaining knowledge a specialized unit that for... Vocabulary is a huge part of a bodily fluid us don ’ t heart! Decode any medical term speaker, acronyms and abbreviations litter their language fat based on height and weight of to! Know some of them by a different name terminologies you are yet to hear so?... Anatomy of the medical term that contains a prefix that describes a number processes! And comprehensive medical dictionary medication or fluid that ’ s also called mouth-to-mouth resuscitation understand. Also find quizzes to see medical terminology basics you know what a certain prefix or suffix means you can break down word.

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