After 16 years, mineral exploration starts at the Kolar Gold Fields

The Union Minister said the exploration started after his meeting last month with Karnataka Chief Minister B S Yediyurappa on August 28

  Bengaluru Last Updated at September 28, 2020 23:29 IST

Gold mine in Chattisgarh

He said he had directed MECL to carry out immediate exploration in the mining lease area of BGML after the meeting.

: The Mineral Exploration

Corporation Limited (MECL) started exploration of the Kolar Gold Fields (KGF) on Monday, said Union Minister for Coal and Mines 

“Happy to convey that exploratory drilling at Betrayaswamy block of Kolar Gold Fields commenced today, ” the Union Minister tweeted.

Sharing photographs on Twitter on the commencement of the activities, Joshi said the mining would help resolve Bharat Gold Mines Limited (BGML) issue over exploration in KGF that has been pending for the last 16 years.

The Union Minister said the exploration started after his meeting last month with Karnataka Chief Minister on August 28.

He said he had directed MECL to carry out immediate exploration in the mining lease area of BGML after the meeting.

In the meeting, Yediyurappa and Joshi decided that either the high-value minerals at BGML are explored or handed over to the Industries Department to set up an industrial cluster to start large-scale economic activities there.

Source : https://www.business-standard.com/article/economy-policy/after-16-years-mineral-exploration-starts-at-the-kolar-gold-fields-120092801428_1.html

Possibility to generate one lakh new employment and earn Rs.10000 Crore per year by relaxing beach mineral mining norms – Representation send.

Ministry of Mines invite comments / suggestions regarding the propose mining Reforms.

For the same, we send our comments to Ministry of Mines Director on 25.08.2020. The contents of the mail send to Ministry of Mines is posted here for our members Information.

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Madam,

Sub :   The Comments and Suggestions on the Draft Proposed Mining Reforms-  request to remove the irrelevant notifications to attract foreign direct investment as well as to generate one lakh new employment – Reg.

            Ref :   Notice issued by Ministry of Mines on 24.08.2020.

With reference to the above Notice w.r.t. Draft Proposed Mining Reforms issued by Ministry of Mines.

In case, you really interested to implement the reforms, you have to open the beach mineral industry to private parties. Because, according to the MoEF condition beach mineral mining alone carried out by manual mining which will generate lot of employment. In Tamilnadu alone, more than 50000 people get employment through beach mineral industry as, out of 71 mining leases, 61 mining leases are in Tamilnadu. So if  MAKE IN INDIA scheme is implemented defentily our government will get huge revenue by way of taxes duty and foreign exchange earnings in addition to lot of employment.

The back ground is given below.

We are a Registered Organization of Southern Regional Mines and Mineral based Workers Welfare Association. Please visit our website http://www.southernmines.org/ .

In Tamil Nadu, beach minerals are available abundantly in East coast as well as West coast. It is deposited due to the sea current and wind and wave action. Unless we failed to collect the beach mineral within a stipulated time, larger portion  will taken back to the sea and deposited to some other area. On this method, beach minerals are transported to nearby country Sri Lanka. The origin is only western Ghats. When Indian producers are mining beach minerals Srilankan companies are shut down. Unfortunately last some years beach minerals producers in India are prevented from mining, so our Indian mineral goes to Srilanka which was imported by Indian value added producers.

Previously only IREL, a Govt., company alone permitted to enter in the beach mineral industry. By knowing the scope for development, then Prime Minister Mr.Adul Bihari Vajbaiji relaxed the procedures and permitted wholly Indian owned companies resulted the Increase in Revenue from Rs. 35 Crore to Rs.1500 Crores per year.  The direct and indirect employment also raised from 500 to 50000.

So if your really want to make reforms in the mining sector, complete opening of beach minerals to private sector is required.

The then Congress minister Dhanuskodi Aadhithan was involved in the beach mineral industry through two companies namely Indian Garnet Sand Company and Southern Enterprises. (photo attached)

Through his political power he do illegal mining in a larger level. Result as per the order of the High Court, the State Govt., authorities inspected and found the illegal mining and determine the mining leases. (Tamilnadu Govt., order attached)

As a counter blast, Mr.Dhayadevadas made false complaints against all the private beach mineral mining lessees stating that, Atomic mineral monazite is illegally exported. In fact, there is no demand for monazite. It is easily available all over the world. So IRE Ltd itself stopped the production from 2004 ( RAJYA SABHA UNSTARRED QUESTION NO.420

TO BE ANSWERED ON THE 26th NOVEMBER, 2014 by Ministry of Mines)

Moreover all the seaports and airports are equipped with gadgets to find out the radioactive material. (Parliament reply by DEPARTMENT OF ATOMIC ENERGY

LOK SABHA UNSTARRED QUESTION NO.896 TO BE ANSWERED ON 20.12.2017)

The said Dhayadevadas was financed by the developed countries who loose their international market to the Indian producers, as, the exporters face stiff competition from the countries namely Australia, Canada, China, Norway, South Africa, USA and etc.  Systematic propaganda was made by a section of people against Indian Beach Mineral Industry which all are false. (Parliament reply to question No. DEPARTMENT OF ATOMIC ENERGY

LOK SABHA UNSTARRED QUESTION NO. 1872, TO BE ANSWERED ON 09.03.2016)

You will appreciate the face that it is a great achievement on the part of the beach sand mineral companies operating against many odds in India.  This shows the vibrancy and determination of these exporters in “Make in India” campaign declared by Hon’ble Prime Minister Sri Narendra Modi ji, because all these mineral separators are export their mineral products and thereby earn valuable foreign exchange to our nation through 50,000 beach mineral employees.

Due to the false complaint of export of monazite, Ministry of Mines notified the threshold value thereby prevent private mining lessees to enter in this field. This not only affect our Indian Producer. But the overseas investors also afraid of to invest in India, since there is no security for their investment as, based on a simple complaint, even without enquiry or reports, the government authorities will prevent the business or industries. Unless their fears are cleared, there is no possibility to attract foreign direct investment in the mining field. So reversing the following Ministry of mines notifications are required.

  1. G.S.R. 2356 (E) Dt. 11.07.2016) – Suggestion – Suitable Amendments in MMDR Act, 1957 to be notified by MoM for delisting the entries of 7, 11 & 12 of Part B of First schedule into Part C of First Schedule. All Beach Sand Minerals (including Ilmenite, Rutile, Monazite, Leucoxene, Garnet, Sillimanite and Zircon), Titanium Bearing Minerals and Ores (Ilmenite, Rutile & Leucoxene) and Zirconium Bearing Minerals including Zircon to be made as Part -C of First Schedule of MMDR Act – Metallic and Non-Metallic Minerals.
  2. (Impugned Order – MoM Notification G.S.R. 134 (E) Dt. 20.02.2019) – Suggestion – Suitable Amendments in AMCR, 2016 to be notified by MoM for amendment in the entries of 7, 9, 11 & 12 in Schedule A. The Amendment in the above entries are proposed by fixing Threshold value as 5.00% monazite in THM for Beach Sand Minerals (Ilmenite, Rutile, Leucoxene, Garnet, Monazite, Zircon and Sillimanite).

In respect of export, even though Ministry of Mines as well as DGFT knows that, the rare earth elements are available only in Monazite, in the name of Rare Earth Elements DGFT canalize the export of Garnet, Ilmenite, Rutile, zircon, sillimanite etc., only to help IREL, a govt., company. This also make a fear in the international business community. When some of our people travel to overseas countries, they openly told that, in India there is no government administration, the policies and rules are framed based on the amount received from a section of traders / industries. They point out the above said notifications in addition to DGFT Notification No.26/ 2015-2020 (S.O.4053(E)) Dt. 21.08.2018). Hence that notification also to be withdrawn.

In case, the above reforms are done in consultation with our association people, as well as beach mineral producers association, definitely it will generate not less than one lakh new employment in addition to approximately 10000 Crore rupees of foreign exchange earnings and save foreign exchange outgo by way of Ilmenite, Rutile import from overseas countries.

Thanking You,

Yours truly

Balakrishnan

 

Date : 25.08.2020

உலக கையிருப்பில் ஆறில் ஒரு பங்கை வைத்துள்ள இந்தியா தன் தேவையில் 60% இறக்குமதி செய்வது வெட்ககேடு

சில தினங்களுக்கு முன்பு பாக்சைட் மைனிங் சம்பந்தமாக அகில இந்திய அளவில் நடந்த ஒரு கருத்தரங்கில் எங்கள் மைனிங் இன்ஜினியர் கலந்து கொண்டார். அதில் உள்ள இணைப்புகள் கீழே கொடுக்கப் பட்டுள்ளது. தாதுமணல் மட்டும் அல்ல எந்த ஒரு கனிமத்தையும் இந்திய சரியாக உபயோகப்படுத்தவில்லை என்பதை அந்த கருத்தரங்கு வெளிச்சம் போட்டு காட்டியது. உலக மொத்த பாக்சைட் கையிருப்பில் இந்தியா ஆறில் ஒரு பங்கை கொண்டுள்ளது. ஆனால் கடந்த நான்கு தலைமுறைகளாக புதிய பாக்சைட் மைனிங் எதுவும் இல்லை. பாக்சைட் தான் அலுமினியத்திற்கு மூலப் பொருள். இந்த அலுமினியம் பாத்திரங்கள் செய்வதற்கு மட்டும் அல்ல, கூரை தகடுகள், குறிப்பாக மின்சார வயர் தயாரிப்பதற்கு அத்தியாவசியமான பொருள். உலக கையிருப்பில் ஆறில் ஒரு பங்கை கொண்டுள்ள இந்தியா இந்திய தேவையில் 60 சதவீதத்தை வெளிநாடுகளில் இருந்து இறக்குமதி செய்கிறது என்ற துரதிஷ்டமான உண்மையை போட்டு உடைத்தார்கள் அந்த கருத்தரங்கில். ஆஸ்திரேலியா, சிலி, பிரேசில் ஆகிய நாடுகள் தான் அலுமினிய உற்பத்தியில் முன்னணியில் உள்ளன. அதாவது இந்தியாவில் உள்ள சுரங்கங்களை சுற்றுச்சூழல் என்ற பெயரில் இந்திய ஊழல் அதிகாரிகளையும், அரசியல்வாதிகளையும், காசுக்கு விலை போகும் ஊடகங்களையும் வைத்து முடக்கி விட்டு அதே கனிமங்களை அந்நிய நாட்டில் குவாரி செய்து இந்தியாவிற்குள் இறக்குமதி செய்கிறார்கள். அங்கு சுற்றுச்சூழல் பாதிப்பு கிடையாதா? ஆண்டவர்களும், ஆள்பவர்களும் ஒருவரை மாற்றி குறை சொல்கிறார்களே தவிர யதார்த்தத்தை உணர்ந்து இந்தியாவின் ஆண்டு தேவை 72 மில்லியன் டன். இவற்றை இந்தியாவிலேயே உற்பத்தி செய்ய போதிய இருப்பு உள்ளது. அரசு தலையீடு இல்லாமல் காலதாமதம் இன்றி உரிமம் வழங்கினால் இதில் இந்தியா தன்னிறைவு அடைவதோடு 24 லட்சம் புதிய வேலைவாய்ப்புகள் உருவாகும் என்பதை எவரும் நினைக்க தயாரில்லை. இதே நிலையில் போனால் படித்த இந்திய இளைஞர்களின் நிலை என்னவாகும்?

1 (1)

Comments / Suggestions on the Draft Metalliferous Mines Regulations, 2019

Our comments / Suggestions on the draft Metalliferous Mines and Regulation, 2019 sent to Ministry of Mines is given below for our members knowledge.

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To                                                                                                                    11.03.2020

Under Secretary to the Government of India, ISH-II

Ministry of Labour and Employment

Government of India                                                              Speed Post with A/D

Shram Shakti Bhawan, Rafi Marg

New Delhi – 110001.

Sub : Comments / Suggestions on the Draft Metalliferous Mines Regulations, 2019.

We are a Registered Organization of Southern Regional Mines and Mineral based Workers Welfare Association. Please visit our website http://www.southernmines.org/.

The Draft Metalliferous Mines Regulation, 2019 was notified by the Ministry of Labour and Employment vide Extraordinary Gazette Notification G.S.R. 138(E) Dt. 20.02.2020, inviting any objections or suggestions, if any.

In Tamilnadu, natural occurrence of heavy minerals is found in the rocks of Western Ghats. Several Millions of years ago, by natural weathering process, these heavy minerals were get disintegrated into sand and get carried away by major streams and rivers to the Sea. Once again, due to tidal action and wind action, these heavy minerals (beach washings sand – Garnet, Ilmenite, Rutile etc.) were get accumulated along the sea shores of southern districts of Tamilnadu.

To develop these rain shadow region, the then political leaders took necessary steps and brought the Mineral Industries with the grant of Beach Sand mining leases. By this Industry development, thousands of poor families were get benefited and got employment opportunities. Meantime to overcome the hurdles of these workers, this Association was formed during the year 1994 and got registered under Regn. No. 3/95 Dt. 11.01.1995.

Our Beach sand mining is very easy & uncomplicated method of mining and much simpler than agricultural process. Unlike underground mining or opencast mining, Beach Mineral Mining or Placer Mining involves scooping of placer deposits by using spades and baskets. Thus our mining activities are carried out manually and without any drilling & blasting and without any heavy machinery.

  1. Prospecting & Exploration – These are placer deposit’s mineralisation is up to shallow depth only and sandy deposit without any hard rocks. Exploration is mainly done with simple manual drilling by Auger Drill/ Conrad Bunka Drill.
  2. Overburden or Top soil – The heavy mineral sand occurs right from the surface and entire strata is considered as deposit. Hence, no overburden or topsoil is applicable for this deposit.
  3. Mining – As these beach placer deposit comprises of only loose sand, carried out by manually. Also, no drilling and blasting is involved.
  4. Depth of Mining – Beach deposits are just mined by scrapping and scooping for hardly 30 to 50 cm depth only. As mining is carried out in shallow depth, this opencast mines does not involve or require any benching system also.
  5. Reclamation & Restoration – Beach deposit does not require any refilling activity, since 30-50 cm depth pits are automatically get filled with sand, due to continuous wave and wind action.

 

Due to the above reasons and as the posts of Mines Foreman and Mining Mate are governed by Metalliferrous Mines Regulation, 1961, our Association moved to the High Court of Madras vide W.P. No. 33661 of 2002 and sought for exemption from possessing blasting experience certificates to appear for Mine Foreman/ Mining Mate Examination. Whereas, the Board of Mining Examinations contended that, although the regulation 18 is silent about blasting experience and they have power to make bye-laws, according to the regulation 13(4). On careful examination of records, the High Court has passed the Order Dt. 06.04.2010 (Copy enclosed as Annexure – I) and has directed the Board of Mining Examinations to seriously consider the introduction of amendment to the byelaw prescribing necessary experience/ training of the candidates for the examination of Mines Foreman and Mining Mate restricted to Placer Mining or Beach Mineral Mining operations only. The Board of Mining Examinations are also directed to permit the members of our Association to sit for the Examination in Mine Foreman and Mining Mate to be held in future without insisting upon any experience/ training in blasting or shot firing and to issue certificates to the successful Mine Foreman and Mining Mate restricted to Placer Mining or Beach Mineral Mining operations only.

In response to the Madras High Court Order Dt. 06.04.2010, the Board of Mining Examinations moved to the Madras High Court and made Appeal vide W.A. No. 2290 of 2010, against the Madras High Court Order Dt. 06.04.2010. But the Madras High Court has dismissed the W.A. No. 2290 of 2010 and the details are elaborated in the next paragraph.

In addition, our Association has also filed W.P. No. 9543 of 2013 in Madras High Court, seeking a declaration, to declare the “Bye law conduct of Examination and Grant of Mining Mate Certificate of Competency issued by the Board of Mining Examinations as null and void and ultra vires of the MMR, 1961”. On careful examination of records, the High of Madras has ordered vide Order Dt. 12.07.2013 (Copy enclosed as Annexure – II) and once again the High Court has admitted that Mining Foreman and Mining Mate posts do not require any blasting experience. Also in the Order the Madras High Court has dismissed the W.A. No. 2290 of 2010 and has closed all connected M.Ps.

Once again the Board of Mining Examinations has moved to the Supreme Court, against the High Court Order Dt. 12.07.2013, vide Special Leave to Appeal No. 9508 of 2014. After hearing the case, the Supreme Court made Order Dt. 24.11.2014 (Copy enclosed as Annexure – III), by dismissing Special Leave to Appeal No. 9508 of 2014.

From the above it is clearly evident that the Mining Foreman and the Mining Mate posts do not require any blasting experience and the Bye laws framed were become null and void and ultra vires of the MMR, 1961.

In the meantime, the Board of Mining Examinations was kind enough to obey the Court Orders and our association members were allowed to participate in the Mining Foreman and Mining Mates Examination, without any blasting experience.

Whereas, now strangely the Ministry of Labour and Employment has made Extra Ordinary Notification vide G.S.R. 138(E) Dt. 20.02.2020, published the Draft Metalliferous Mines Regulation, 2019, which is totally violating the both Supreme Court Verdict and Madras High Court Verdicts.

In our case, already the Supreme Court has sincerely considered our emotional prayers and has passed an Order stating that the Mining Foreman and the Mining Mate Posts do not require, any Blasting Experience. Thus we Beach Mineral Workers were already allowed to participate in the Mining Foreman and the Mining Mate Examinations, without any Blasting Experience.

 

Whereas, the new Draft Metalliferous Mines Regulation, 2019 is not in line with the above Court Orders and totally deviating & violating the verdict of the Court Orders.

In view of the above, we the Beach Sand Mining workers who are involved in Easy and Uncomplicated Mining shall be exempted from possessing of blasting experience certificates to appear for Mine Foreman’s/ Mine Mate’s Examination and the same clause shall be suitably incorporated in the New Metalliferous Mines Regulation.

Thus we have expressed our objections as above. And following are our Suggestions towards the Draft Metalliferous Mines Regulation, 2019 published by the Ministry of Labour and Employment vide G.S.R. 138(E) Dt. 20.02.2020.

We kindly request the concerned Authority to render justice, by incorporating the following Amendments in the New MMR and failing which the same shall be amount to Contempt of Court.

 

Sl. No. Chapter No./ Regulation No. As proposed in the Draft MMR, 2019 Proposed Amendments suggested by us Explanation/ Justification
1 III/ 17(2) The Board may specify, subject to the conditions laid down in bye-laws, the nature and other details of the practical experience required for Mine Foreman’s Certificate. Suitable Amendments shall be incorporated in the regulation to facilitate, the Beach Sand Mining workers from possessing of Blasting Experience certificates to appear for Mine Foreman’s Examination, to obtain Mine Foreman’s Certificate of Competency. 1. In accordance with the Honourable Supreme Court Order Dt. 24.11.2014 passed against the special leave appeal 9508/ 2014 and WA No. 2290/ 2010 (Appeal made in Madras High Court), the Beach Sand Mining workers shall be exempted from possessing of blasting experience certificates to appear for Mine Foreman’s/ Mine Mate’s Examination.

2. In accordance with the Honourable High Court of Madras Order Dt. 12.07.2013, in which the Court has admitted that Mining Foreman and Mining Mate posts do not require any blasting experience.

3. In accordance with the Honourable High Court of Madras Order Dt. 06.04.2010, in which the court has directed to permit the members of our Association to sit for the Examination in Mine Foreman and Mining Mate to be held in future without insisting upon any experience/ training in blasting or shot firing and to issue certificates to the successful Mine Foreman and Mining Mate restricted to Placer Mining or Beach Mineral Mining operations only.

2 III/ 18(3) The Board may specify, subject to the conditions laid down in bye-laws, the nature and other details of the practical experience required for Mining Mate’s and Blaster’s Certificate. Suitable Amendments shall be incorporated in the regulation to facilitate, the Beach Sand Mining workers from possessing of Blasting Experience certificates to appear for Mine Mate’s Examination, to obtain Mine Mate’s Certificate of Competency. 1. In accordance with the Honourable Supreme Court Order Dt. 24.11.2014 passed against the special leave appeal 9508/ 2014 and WA No. 2290/ 2010 (Appeal made in Madras High Court), the Beach Sand Mining workers shall be exempted from possessing of blasting experience certificates to appear for Mine Foreman’s/ Mine Mate’s Examination.

2. In accordance with the Honourable High Court of Madras Order Dt. 12.07.2013, in which the Court has admitted that Mining Foreman and Mining Mate posts do not require any blasting experience.

3. In accordance with the Honourable High Court of Madras Order Dt. 06.04.2010, in which the court has directed to permit the members of our Association to sit for the Examination in Mine Foreman and Mining Mate to be held in future without insisting upon any experience/ training in blasting or shot firing and to issue certificates to the successful Mine Foreman and Mining Mate restricted to Placer Mining or Beach Mineral Mining operations only.

3 III/ 12(4) The Board may make bye-laws as to the procedure for, and the conduct of the examinations and as to the granting of

certificates of competency and of fitness as required under these regulations, and shall so far as may be practicable,

provide that the standard of knowledge required for the grant of certificates of any particular class and the standard of

medical fitness shall be uniform throughout the territories to which these regulations extend:

Provided that the Board may take decision on any matter, not specified under the bye-laws, which may be

brought to it for disposal.

Suitable Amendments shall be incorporated in the regulation to facilitate, the Beach Sand Mining workers from possessing of Blasting Experience certificates to appear for Mine Foreman’s/ Mine Mate’s Examination, to obtain Mine Foreman’s/ Mine Mate’s Certificate of Competency. 1. In accordance with the Honourable Supreme Court Order Dt. 24.11.2014 passed against the special leave appeal 9508/ 2014 and WA No. 2290/ 2010 (Appeal made in Madras High Court), the Beach Sand Mining workers shall be exempted from possessing of blasting experience certificates to appear for Mine Foreman’s/ Mine Mate’s Examination.

2. In accordance with the Honourable High Court of Madras Order Dt. 12.07.2013, in which the Court has admitted that Mining Foreman and Mining Mate posts do not require any blasting experience.

3. In accordance with the Honourable High Court of Madras Order Dt. 06.04.2010, in which the court has directed to permit the members of our Association to sit for the Examination in Mine Foreman and Mining Mate to be held in future without insisting upon any experience/ training in blasting or shot firing and to issue certificates to the successful Mine Foreman and Mining Mate restricted to Placer Mining or Beach Mineral Mining operations only.

In view of the above, we request you to kindly incorporate the above Amendments in the proposed Metalliferous Mines Regulations and if our suggestions are not fulfilled, that may amount to Contempt of the Supreme Court and Madras High Court.

Thanking You,

(R. Balakrishnan)

President